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Azure Service Bus

Detailed documentation on the Azure Service Bus pubsub component

Component format

To setup Azure Service Bus pubsub create a component of type pubsub.azure.servicebus. See this guide on how to create and apply a pubsub configuration.

apiVersion: dapr.io/v1alpha1
kind: Component
metadata:
  name: servicebus-pubsub
  namespace: default
spec:
  type: pubsub.azure.servicebus
  version: v1
  metadata:
  - name: connectionString # Required
    value: "Endpoint=sb://{ServiceBusNamespace}.servicebus.windows.net/;SharedAccessKeyName={PolicyName};SharedAccessKey={Key};EntityPath={ServiceBus}"
  # - name: timeoutInSec # Optional
  #   value: 60
  # - name: handlerTimeoutInSec # Optional
  #   value: 60
  # - name: disableEntityManagement # Optional
  #   value: "false"
  # - name: maxDeliveryCount # Optional
  #   value: 3
  # - name: lockDurationInSec # Optional
  #   value: 60
  # - name: lockRenewalInSec # Optional
  #   value: 20
  # - name: maxActiveMessages # Optional
  #   value: 2000
  # - name: maxActiveMessagesRecoveryInSec # Optional
  #   value: 2
  # - name: maxConcurrentHandlers # Optional
  #   value: 10
  # - name: prefetchCount # Optional
  #   value: 5
  # - name: defaultMessageTimeToLiveInSec # Optional
  #   value: 10
  # - name: autoDeleteOnIdleInSec # Optional
  #   value: 3600
  # - name: maxReconnectionAttempts # Optional
  #   value: 30
  # - name: connectionRecoveryInSec # Optional
  #   value: 2
  # - name: publishMaxRetries # Optional
  #   value: 5
  # - name: publishInitialRetryInternalInMs # Optional
  #   value: 500

NOTE: The above settings are shared across all topics that use this component.

Spec metadata fields

Field Required Details Example
connectionString Y Shared access policy connection-string for the Service Bus Endpoint=sb://{ServiceBusNamespace}.servicebus.windows.net/;SharedAccessKeyName={PolicyName};SharedAccessKey={Key};EntityPath={ServiceBus}
timeoutInSec N Timeout for sending messages and management operations. Default: 60 30
handlerTimeoutInSec N Timeout for invoking app handler. # Optional. Default: 60 30
disableEntityManagement N When set to true, topics and subscriptions do not get created automatically. Default: "false" "true", "false"
maxDeliveryCount N Defines the number of attempts the server will make to deliver a message. Default set by server 10
lockDurationInSec N Defines the length in seconds that a message will be locked for before expiring. Default set by server 30
lockRenewalInSec N Defines the frequency at which buffered message locks will be renewed. Default: 20. 20
maxActiveMessages N Defines the maximum number of messages to be buffered or processing at once. Default: 10000 2000
maxActiveMessagesRecoveryInSec N Defines the number of seconds to wait once the maximum active message limit is reached. Default: 2 10
maxConcurrentHandlers N Defines the maximum number of concurrent message handlers 10
prefetchCount N Defines the number of prefetched messages (use for high throughput / low latency scenarios) 5
defaultMessageTimeToLiveInSec N Default message time to live. 10
autoDeleteOnIdleInSec N Time in seconds to wait before auto deleting idle subscriptions. 3600
maxReconnectionAttempts N Defines the maximum number of reconnect attempts. Default: 30 30
connectionRecoveryInSec N Time in seconds to wait between connection recovery attempts. Defaults: 2 2
publishMaxRetries N The max number of retries for when Azure Service Bus responds with “too busy” in order to throttle messages. Defaults: 5 5
publishInitialRetryInternalInMs N Time in milliseconds for the initial exponential backoff when Azure Service Bus throttle messages. Defaults: 500 500

Azure Active Directory (AAD) authentication

The Azure Service Bus pubsub component supports authentication using all Azure Active Directory mechanisms. For further information and the relevant component metadata fields to provide depending on the choice of AAD authentication mechanism, see the docs for authenticating to Azure.

Message metadata

Azure Service Bus messages extend the Dapr message format with additional contextual metadata. Some metadata fields are set by Azure Service Bus itself (read-only) and others can be set by the client when publishing a message.

Sending a message with metadata

To set Azure Service Bus metadata when sending a message, set the query parameters on the HTTP request or the gRPC metadata as documented here.

  • metadata.MessageId
  • metadata.CorrelationId
  • metadata.SessionId
  • metadata.Label
  • metadata.ReplyTo
  • metadata.PartitionKey
  • metadata.To
  • metadata.ContentType
  • metadata.ScheduledEnqueueTimeUtc
  • metadata.ReplyToSessionId

NOTE: The metadata.MessageId property does not set the id property of the cloud event and should be treated in isolation.

Receiving a message with metadata

When Dapr calls your application, it will attach Azure Service Bus message metadata to the request using either HTTP headers or gRPC metadata. In addition to the settable metadata listed above, you can also access the following read-only message metadata.

  • metadata.DeliveryCount
  • metadata.LockedUntilUtc
  • metadata.LockToken
  • metadata.EnqueuedTimeUtc
  • metadata.SequenceNumber

To find out more details on the purpose of any of these metadata properties, please refer to the official Azure Service Bus documentation.

Create an Azure Service Bus

Follow the instructions here on setting up Azure Service Bus Topics.


Last modified July 26, 2022: Update translations for v1.6 (#2665) (e18b8c6)